Oats @ 25 cents per bushel – early farming in Central Alberta

In Alix, Alberta, Pioneer Farming on November 30, 2017 at 12:01 PM

Early Crops, Taxes and Road Building From “John Maurer Story  – By Elsa Maurer”

The first two years 1905 -06, only oats and barley were raised.  The prices at this time were 22 and 25 cents respectively per bushel.  In 1907 rye was grown, its value being 42 cents a bushel.  Some other prices were hay $6.00 a ton, pigs $7.00 each, Chickens 25 cents each, butter 15 to 17 1/2 cents a lb., eggs 12 to 15 cents a dozen.  The purchase of NE 32-29-24-4 came in 1908 or early 1909 thus enlarging the farm.  As more land in the district was broken, it seemed to become drier, the climate became warmer and wheat became more extensively grown.  On our farm it was first attempted in 1910, the price per bushel was 50 cents until in 1914, 50 cents was obtained…..

There being no machinery to build roads in the early years it fell to the lot of the farmers to do it.  A number would gather together and with their teams of horses would plow furrows in the highest parts of the road allowance.  Then with scrapers [they] would pile the soil over brush that had been spread over low places thus building the road up.  They were allowed a certain number of days work at a set price which would be credited to their municipal taxes thus less cash money would have to be paid out.

School and municipal taxes were each $10.00 a quarter until 1918 when they increased and were doubled in 1922, then increased slightly until 1930.  Up to this time each was collected separately by school and municipal districts at a uniform rate for each quarter.  After this all taxes were collected separately by the municipal district, with each quarter assessed separately and taxes were slightly decreased.

This article is from the book Pioneers and Progress, a history of the Alix-Clive area printed in 1974by DW Friesen and Sons Ltd., Calgary.  Copies of it and of its follow-up Gleanings are available for sale at the Alix Public Library, Alix Wagon Wheel Museum, and Alix Home Hardware.




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